Team:UANL Mty-Mexico/Wet lab/Light experiments
Light experiments were planed to demonstrate the function of HuBac community, controlling expression of five different products through a simple light-based code. This experiments mainly consisted as follows:
- Testing the function of our light inducing device (Light Machine) by using original Dr. Jeff Tabor's plasmids.
- Trials of the HuBac community function using "the simplest version of the circuit" which was designed to demonstrate that biphasic switch works as expected.
For testing that Light Machine worked as expected, light-inducible JT2 cells were transformed with different plasmids as specified in the next table:
|Green Cell||Responds to green-light producing LacZ||pJT122, pPLPCB(S)||Done|
|Green Cell (-)||Does not respond to green light due to absence of chromophore. Used as negative control for Green Cell.||pJT122||Done|
|Red Cell||Responds to red-light producing LacZ||pCph8, pJT106, pPLPCB(S)||Done||Red Cell (-)||Does not respond to green light due to absence of chromophore. Used as negative control for Red Cell.||pCph8, pJT106||Done|
|RedGreen Cell||Responds to red OR green light producing LacZ.||pJT122, pCph8, pPLPCB(S)||------|
|RedGreen Cell (-)||Does not respond to green light due to absence of chromophore. Used as negative control for RedGreen Cell.||pJT122, pCph8||Done|
Green Cells were plated on LB agar media and incubated overnight in absence of light. After that, plates were exposed to green light (532 nm) during 6 hours. Individual colonies were picked up, resuspended on 5 uL of H20 by vortex. After this,10 uL of X-gal were added (20 mg/mL), and there was an incubation period of 30 minutes at 37ºC, finally samples were centrifuged for precipitating cells.
Negative control used in this case was a duplicate culture of Green Cells that was all-time covered for avoiding light induction.
It may be observed a qualitative difference between sample and negative control.
This image shows the simplest mechanism by which our circuit can operate. It exemplifies biphasic switch operation can change from one state to another with the stimulation of a single input, in this case the red light.
G (+) = E.coli JT2 containing pJT122, pPLPCB(S), K566004 (CFP), K566006 (Green light genetic inversor)
G (-) = E.coli JT2 containing pJT122, K566004(CFP), K566006 (Green light genetic inversor)
A light irradiation experiment was carried out in JT2 cultures under two controlled environments, one exposed to light and the other in complete darkness. The samples G (+) and G (-) were incubated overnight at 37°C and then 200uL of the samples were inoculated by triplicate for each intensity.
Both samples were measured in a Fluorometer BioTek Synergy, using special filters for CFP detection and measurement (Exitation filter 420nm ±50 and Emsion filter 460 ±40) before being irradiated to observe an initial fluorescence. After been introduced to the Light Machine, where the exposure time started with 30 minutes of Far-red light(710 nm) to reset the photoreceptors that could be switched during the night at the end of this period the fluorescence was measured. Then began to expose the samples to green light (532 nm) for 2 hours and every 30 minutes a portion of the sample is taken to measure the fluorescence gained or lost.Results
At the end of two hours the following data was obtained:
Plate Control (-)
**Always in the dark
** It is noted that there is the presence of CFP, over time tends to increase.**
Plate 1 **Irradiated
*** It is observed that the samples G (+) and G (-) had a great expression of CFP during the Far-red light irradiation and after starting the green light exposure the presence of CFP began to decrease.
For measurements of the samples in the Fluorometer, LB medium was removed (it tends to absorb wavelengths near the ultraviolet range, which can interfere with CFP measurements) and then resuspended in sterile MiliQ water, the sample then was treated with liquid nitrogen to lyse the cells without using chemicals or buffers that could interfiere in the fluorescence measurements.Conclusions
During this experiment it was demonstrated that the new part K566004, which contains a new Cyan Fluorescent Protein controlled by Mnt regulable promoter, emits cyan fluorescence. This new CFP was optimized for better expression in E. coli based on the use of preferential codons; therefore comparison with other CFPs would be ideal. It was observed that the system K566004/K566006 may be perturbed by green light. However, further experiments must be done to determine the behavior of the composite system correctly.